Introduction to the project
Pomáz as an educational site
The ruins have long interested the locals, amateurs and professionals. In the nineteenth century, history amateurs and nature lovers put the Pomáz-Nagykovácsi-puszta site onto the maps of the area, inspired by a romantic interest. The modern research of the heritage site was resumed in the 1990s by archaeologist József Laszlovszky and his team, and continued after 2007 with the support of the new land owner. An archaeological research was started, and, parallel with that, efforts were made for the conservation of the ruins and for its re-definition and presentation as part of the cultural heritage of the local community.
Since 2011, the site has been used by the Medieval Studies Department of CEU as a training site of its MA and PhD programs, and it has accepted archaeology students from the Hungarian universities as well. The small church was unearthed with some graves from the cemetery and parts of the surrounding building complex. A variety of documentation methods were employed during and after the excavation. In addition to the traditional architectural-archaeological techniques, the church and the finds were scanned with a 3D laser scanner, and we also used drones during the photo documentation of the buildings. The results have been presented to-date in five scholarly papers, and MA theses on various aspects of the archaeological research.
Heritage interpretation and management
The site is considered as a long term educational site of the Cultural Heritage Studies Program of CEU, which lays a great emphasis on combining theoretical education and practical knowledge and skills. As an outcome of the Project Management course, a one-day festival was organized on Earth Day in 2016, targeting international university students from Budapest and local families, more than 300 visitors. An MA thesis in progress will result in a design for creating a visitors’ space from an old barn building and utilizing a part of the ruin of the workshop buildings. Students of the Moholy-Nagy University of Art and Design prepared various models for reconstructing and presenting the ruins as coursework, suggesting various functions for the site.
The Glasshill project was launched in 2015, supported by the German Federal Environmental Foundation. The Association of Cultural Heritage Managements (KÖME) and the Cultural Heritage Studies Program of Central European University in association with the Duna-Ipoly National Park and Fülöp Farm has been working on the establishment of a new training centre at the site. The unique feature of this centre is its holistic approach to the traditionally separated fields of nature conservation and cultural heritage, aiming to present the historical interaction between man and the landscape.
An old guardhouse built in the 1970s is being turned into the training center. It is reconstructed using natural, local and recycled materials and with environmentally friendly techniques. Workshops were organized during the renovation where people could learn these techniques. The building will house lectures, classes, exhibits, serve as accommodation and social space for professionals and students. A trainer training program on environmental communication and interpretive management has been accredited based on the cooperation of the project partners, for civil servants and staff members at Hungarian visitor sites.
In the past few years, the site has been opened for visitors several times in various occasions: on Earth Day, the Day of Archaeology, and the European Heritage Days. Guided tours are offered all year on individual request. By these, the farm management aims to promote the idea of open farms. Organized tours and visits at the farm, special programs for children and combined tours at the archaeological heritage site and the farm buildings help people to understand the processes of traditional and modern agriculture and food-production. The cheese shop at the entrance serves also as a visitors’ information point. In the framework of the Glasshill project, a self-guided educational trail is being developed, complemented with an augmented reality app. The main target audience is families and hikers in the Pilis area.
Another important target group of visitors have been schoolchildren. In cooperation with the local German minority school, several student groups have visited the farm and took part at a workshop there about cultural and environmental values in the surrounding forest area.